The Chinese language (漢語 T, 汉语 S, hànyǔP), in its most generic meaning (and not to indicate standard modern Chinese or a particular dialect such as Shanghai or a family of dialects such as Cantonese, Hakka and Minnan), is a vast and varied linguistic family made up of hundreds of distinct and often not mutually intelligible local linguistic varieties (such as the Peking dialect and the Cantonese dialect).
Standard Chinese, sometimes also called Standard Mandarin (from Standard Mandarin English), Modern Standard Mandarin and Modern Standard Chinese, is the standard variety for the Chinese language, first made official in 1932 in what was then the Republic of China. It is one of the six official languages of the UN and is adopted as the official language by the People’s Republic of China (under the 1949 Constitution), Taiwan and Singapore. As a standard variety, it has a standardized vocabulary, grammar and pronunciation.
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