German A1 3: ‟Du & ich“ – Learning to express without articles

DU ‟ & ICH“ – LEARNING TO EXPRESS
WITHOUT ARTICLES

You are going to learn: <Common phrases, <how to express facts without using
articles, <the first and second person singular, <a lot of new vocabulary and <much more.

This chapter simply deals with you and me and your first encounter with a revolutionary method!
‟You” appears in the role of an interviewer and ‟me” (Simon) giving appropriate answers. This
conversation is very common, and you will learn useful expressions from it. The focus in on
grammar, though. I constructed the chapters with the concept in mind that each person has a
special grammatical preference. So Simon (the ‟I”/‟Ich”), for example, dislikes articles, this means
that he avoids articles and that is the highlight in chapter 3: You find ‟my” answers without
articles!
Special verbs or the verb endings are highlighted (in bold letters), also nouns and pronouns in
object cases plus the corresponding adjectives and articles (the articles are missing in this
chapter, because Simon simply ‟does not like” them). So you will learn expressions with GENERAL
NOUNS now, since for these matters the German language mainly also avoids articles. I have
chosen this grammatical phenomenon in the beginning – it offers easier constructions. All in all, I
want to suggest strongly that you shall learn the questions and answers by heart because they
have the inherent power to guide you in the future when you are trying to build your own correct
sentences!
By the way, the questions are asked in two ways: The informal way (with ‟du”, ‟dir”, ‟dein”…) and
the formal way (with ‟Sie”, ‟Ihnen”, ‟Ihr”…). You address your friends, members of the family,
people around your age or children in the informal way (the Germans call it ‟duzen”) meaning that
these persons are somehow familiar to you. But there are also the more formal situations (like
business meetings, job interviews, talking to authorities and older people). In these formal
situations it is highly indicated to express more official respect using the ‟Sie”-Form (Germans call
it ‟Siezen”). This ‟Sie” is always capitalized, and the connected verbs are conjugated in the form of
the 3rd person plural.

‟Du” (=”You”) or: ‟Sie” (=the formal ‟You”) and ‟Ich” (=”I”):

Translations of the sentences above:
What is your name?
My name is Simon.
What do you like?
I don´t like articles,
Where are you from?
I come from England.
Where do you live?
I live in Austria.
How are you?
I am fine.
Do you have family?
I have family.
Are you married?
I am married.
When were you born?
I was born in 1980.
What are you doing?
I am cooking.
Where are you going?
I am driving to Germany.
What do you like doing?
I like going for a walk.
What can you do? or: What can you do?
I can cook.
What are you allowed to do?
I may study German.
What do you have to do?
I must work tomorrow.
What shall you do?
I shall pay attention.
What did you do?
I have cooked a meal.
What languages do you speak?
I speak English and German.
Where were you?
I was in Italy.
What did you have?
I had stomach ache.